Who Discovered America? – It’s not what you think
Chinese Discovered America
40,000 Years Before Columbus
Gavin Menzies, a British historian, amazing book published in 2013, ‘Who Discovered America?’ claims the Chinese have been sailing to the New World since 40,000 BC across the Pacific Ocean and that Chinese Admiral Zheng He set up colonies and sailed round South America before Columbus.
New evidence appears to verify this information. A recently discovered journal dating from the 15th century and allegedly written by Bartholomew Columbus, the brother of the famous discoverer of the Americas, suggests that the Genoese explorer actually carried a rather detailed map of the continent when he left Spain on his first voyage.
The journal is entitled “La mia vita e le mie esplorazioni” (“My Life and My Exploration”) and is signed Bertomê Corombo, the Genoese name of Bartholomew Columbus. It is an autobiographic work of great quality that was revealed in May 2014 in a private collection of historical items, legacy of a dead Spanish aristocrat. It explains the role of Bartholomew in the exploits of his brother, including the fact that he sent a map detailing a new continent to Christopher Columbus in the 1470s, while he was a mapmaker for the Portugese King Henri the Navigator in Lisbon, the principal center of cartography of the time.
Dozens of tests were done on the book by various experts since its discovery, and every one of them suggests that the work is legitimate. The auction house Sotheby’s, which was charged with authentifying and evaluating the object, concludes that it is a genuine 15th century book, worth between 150 an 250 million Euros.
A small but well detailed map of America figures in the journal, which was allegedly written in 1496,a time when many of the regions figuring on the map are not supposed to have been discovered yet.
The book is a summary of the great events in the life of the lesser known brother of Christopher Columbus, who was born in 1461, and conceived with his brother the idea of travelling across the Atlantic ocean. In 1489 he went to England to seek assistance from Henry VII for an exploration voyage to the West, but he was unfavorably received by the King. He then sought help at the court of Charles VIII in France, with a similar lack of success. Meanwhile his brother Christopher was in Spain to persuade Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon to back his own voyage, and obtained their support.
Bartholomew Columbus traveled to Hispaniola in 1494 to meet his brother. After captaining one of the ships, he remained on the island for six and a half years (1494–1500), serving as governor with the title of Adelantado during his brother’s absences. He founded the city of Santo Domingo on Hispaniola between 1496 and 1498, which is now the capital of the Dominican Republic, and where he died on the 12th of August 1514.
From The Daily Mail…
A copy of a 600-year-old map found in a second-hand book shop is the key to proving that the Chinese, not Christopher Columbus, were the first to discover the New World, a controversial British historian claims.
The document is purportedly an 18th century copy of a 1418 map charted by Chinese Admiral Zheng He, which appears to show the New World in some detail.
This purported evidence that a Chinese sailor mapped the Western Hemisphere more than seven decades before Columbus is just one of Earth-shattering claims that author Gavin Menzies makes in his new book ‘Who Discovered America?’ – out today, just in time for the Columbus Day holiday.
‘The traditional story of Columbus discovering the New World is absolute fantasy, it’s fairy tales,’ Mr Menzies told MailOnline.
Among Menzies other claims are that the first inhabitants of the Western hemisphere didn’t come over land from the Bering Strait, but instead were Chinese sailors who first crossed the Pacific Ocean 40,000 years ago.
He also writes that DNA markers prove American Indians and other natives are the descendants of several waves of Asian settlers.
Furthermore, he says a majestic fleet of Chinese ships, commanded by Zheng He, sailed around the continent of South America – 100 years before Ferdinand Megellan supposedly became the first the undertake the task.
Columbus features heavily in the book – insofar as Menzies has devoted the last 20 years to finding and laying out evidence that Columbus not only didn’t discover America – he was 40 millenia late.
Mr Menzies believes that Columbus actually had a map of the world that was plotted by the Chinese Admiral Zheng He, who created the map when he sailed to the New World in 1421, more than seven decades before Columbus.
His book includes what Menzies says is a copy of that map. discovered by Beijing attorney Liu Gang in a second-hand bookshop that he says proves his theory.
The document, he says, is an 18th century copy of Admiral Zheng He’s 1417 map. Mr Menzies argues that it clearly shows North American rivers and coasts, as well as the continent of South America.
Mr Menzie’s assertion about Zheng He’s voyage to the New World isn’t new – he first wrote about it in 2002 – but the map is.
Mr Liu had the map authenticated by an appraiser from Christie’s Auctions, who said that the document was ‘very old’ and was not a newly-made fake.
After Mr Liu brought the map forward, Menzies also had a team of historians analyze every word on it. He concluded that it was originally written in the Ming Dynasty – a Chinese period that lasted from 1368 to 1644.
In the region of the map that Mr Menzies believes refers to Peru are written the inscriptions – ‘Here the people practiced the religion of Paracas’ and ‘Here the people practice human sacrifice’ – clear references peoples known to have inhabited Peru at the time.
The map is further corroborated, Mr Menzies says, by the Chinese names of numerous towns and regions in Peru.
He says old Peruvian maps show places with names like Chawan – Chinese for ‘land prepared for sowing’ and Chulin – ‘wood or forest.’
Copyright ©Stephanie Relfe 2014 – 3000
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